Don't Hesitate. Call Today For the best Treatment Options877.214.6008

Top 10 Addictive Drugs and Their Effects

Posted By: | on: | in Category: Addiction news, Top 10 | 211 Views
Top 10 Addictive Drugs and Their Effects

Of the long list of chemical substances capable of causing severe drug dependency, some are undisputable for their addictive qualities.  These drugs are not only capable of trapping users in the cycles of addiction, their effects are psychologically debilitating, can be physically disfiguring and irreversible in some instances.  

The following are recognized by scientists, as the top 10 addictive drugs and their effects that threatens consumers.  

  1. Heroin is recognized as one the most addictive substances being abused today. Fat solubility that enables the drugs rapid access into the brain has been cited by researchers as a major reason for heroin’s long history of causing addiction.  Repeated use driven by painful withdrawal symptoms such as unbearable cravings for heroin are another.  The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) report that at least 23% of those who use heroin become addicted to this drug.  In recent years, the tendency to also blend this potentially deadly substance with other toxic chemical ingredients like Fentanyl has significantly increased its potency as well as heighten heroin’s potential for addiction.  Drug overdose and the potential for exposure to HIV are the most significant and dangerous effects of using this drug.  
  2. Methamphetamine also called Crystal Meth has been referred to as “the devil on your shoulder” for good reason.  According to scientists, Meth is a central nervous system stimulant.  It releases noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin from nerve terminals in the brain that leads to excessive neurological stimulation of postsynaptic receptors.  In other words, this drug provides such a heightened euphoric experience that it drives repeated use resulting in fast dependence and a hard to kick addiction.  In animal studies, the drug is so alluring that the subjects will repeatedly use Meth until it kills them. The most common effects of meth abuse are the horrific facial disfigurement produced by regular use of this drug.  
  3. Crack Cocaine.  The Manual of Adolescent Substance Abuse Treatment describes crack as the most addictive form of cocaine.  The smoking method of administration has been shown to increase the addictive potential of crack over powdered cocaine.  In studies, users achieve a faster, more intense and longer lasting high through smoking crack cocaine versus snorting the powder.  This dramatic high attributes to the reason more people form addiction to crack than powdered cocaine.  Seizures, respiratory problems and cardiac arrest are commonly reported with chronic use of crack cocaine.  Sudden death has also occurred in some first time users.  
  4. Nicotine may not create the social problems caused by other substances of abuse, but heavy smokers experience psychological dependence and illnesses such as serious respiratory problems and some forms of cancer.  The effects of nicotine, according to researchers, create the desire by users to compulsively use nicotine products in order to maintain normal brain function. Nationwide data indicate that an estimated 50,000,000 annual deaths in the United States are directly related to smoking.
  5. Benzodiazepine is an ingredient that is included in prescription drugs like Valium, Xanax and Klonopin. This is classified as a Schedule IV Controlled substance with the potential to cause dependency. Benzodiazepines like other substances of abuse impact the central nervous system which produces sedation, relaxed muscles and lower anxiety levels. Once dependence on this drug occurs, the user gradually increases the amount consumed to achieve the desired effects which is the typical route to addiction for this drug.
  6. Hydrocodone is an opioid alkaloid that is synthesized from codeine.  It is usually combined with acetaminophen in prescription drugs such as Vicodin and Lortab to treat moderate to severe pain.  The Federal Drug Enforcement Administration (FDA) list Hydrocodone as a Schedule II drug with a high potential for abuse. Experts warn that dependence on this drug can occur within one to four weeks of continuous use. In fact, it is recognized by the FDA as one of the most abused prescription drugs in America today.  Effects of Hydrocodone includes uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms when use is halted and respiratory depression that in some cases can be fatal.  
  7. Alcohol – Though rarely referred to as a drug, alcohol is a common substance of abuse. Alcohol has a high potential for causing addiction and the social problems that accompanies regular consumption.  Of all substances of abuse, alcohol’s withdrawal symptoms have the greatest potential to be fatal.  Studies show, the primary effect of alcohol on the reward system of the user’s brain can result in such intense craving it may drive uncontrollable drinking that leads to alcohol poisoning or death.  The effects of this substance on the physical body, according to NIDA scientist include neurological impairment, coronary heart disease, stroke, liver problems, severe weight loss and pancreatic cancer, to name a few.  
  8. Methadone is mostly recognized as a replacement drug for people battling heroin and Fentanyl addiction.  However, much like heroin or morphine, Methadone works on opioid receptors in the brain and has the same potential for addiction when abused.   As a result, FDA issued warnings in 2006 to alert the public about the potential dangers of abusing this drug.  Methadone abuse has been linked to dependence, addiction, pulmonary dysfunction, seizures, severe withdrawal symptoms and even death.
  9. GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyrate) is a central nervous system depressant also referred to as the ‘date rape’ drug.  Experts say, the effects of GHB mimics alcohol inebriation such as impaired motor function, blackout and temporary amnesia. Even with small amounts and short term use, GHB dependence has been shown to cause addiction.  Dependence on GHB is indicated by withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety attacks, excessive sweating and spikes in blood pressure when use of the drug is stopped.
  10. Amphetamines is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat depression among other uses.  It is often a vital ingredient in many prescription medications like Adderall.  Amphetamine however, is a potent central nervous system stimulant and a controlled substance with a Schedule II designation.  Common effects of chronic use of this drug includes dependence, addiction and psychological issues such as amphetamine induced psychosis.  Amphetamine overdose can also be fatal.  

Sources:

  1. https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin
  2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3250516/

More Stories of Hope

My Slow Walk on The Road to Recovery from Addiction

When starting on the long road to recovery, I was unaware what that truly e...
Read More →

She Survived

By: Munchie Morgan 4 months ago

“I love the way she survived. Survival looked good on her. There were...
Read More →

WE MUST WEAVE HOPE

By: Munchie Morgan 4 months ago

“Not one day in anyone’s life is an uneventful day, no day without prof...
Read More →

Laying You to Rest

By: Ryan Pad 4 months ago

Laying You to Rest: Heroin Addiction Poem  I’m tired of speaking, so...
Read More →

Contact Us

** We respect your privacy. All information provided is confidential.

Most Viewed

PCP Drug Stories

PCP Drug Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

727 Views 0 comments

Ketamine Addiction Stories

Ketamine Addiction Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

574 Views 0 comments

LSD Addiction Stories

LSD Addiction Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

549 Views 0 comments

GHB Addiction Stories

GHB Addiction Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

541 Views 0 comments

Facts About Cocaine Info graphic

Facts About Cocaine Info graphic

By: wdpuser2016 5 months ago

481 Views 0 comments

Don't Hesitate. Call Today For the best Treatment Options877.214.6008
%d bloggers like this:
Live Chat