Don't Hesitate. Call Today For the best Treatment Options877.214.6008

Cocaine

Posted By: | on: | in Category: Drug Index, Illicit Drugs | 292 Views
Cocaine

cocaine-iconCocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine) is a strong central nervous system stimulant drug that is predominantly used for recreational purposes. The drug is highly addictive, and is classified as a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act, in the same category as methamphetamine and oxycodone (OxyContin).

This drug is often sold as a white powder. In crystal form the substance is referred to as crack cocaine and can be white, pale pink or yellow. The drug is commonly snorted through the nostrils, but can also be injected directly into the veins. It can also be eaten, rubbed into the gums, inhaled by smoking it or vaporizing it.

Cocaine sold on the street is often combined with other compounds, which can include cornstarch, talcum powder, sugar, quinine, or other toxins, all of which increase the risk of toxicity. It is powerfully addictive, as it works as a stimulant to directly affect the central nervous system, which also affects the brain’s reward pathways. Dependence and addiction on cocaine can develop even after short-term use, creating an uncontrollable psychological compulsion to continue taking more cocaine.

Street Names 

The drug is commonly called blow, toot, flake, snow, coke, yayo or nose candy. “Crack cocaine” is a freebase derivative mixed with a base of baking soda or ammonium carbonate. Crack is commonly known as crack, rocks, gravel, or candy.

Common Forms of the Drug

In its pure form, the drug sold on the street is a white powder derived from coca leaves. The cocaine that is used in medicine (cocaine hydrochloride) is in liquid form.

Drug Class 

Cocaine is a stimulant that acts by inhibiting the re-uptake of chemicals that produce pleasurable feelings. In medicine, it is primarily used as a topical anesthetic for those who are allergic to most other types.

What is the DEA Schedule?

Cocaine is classified as a Schedule II drug, though it is considered to have a high potential for abuse and addiction. It is in Schedule II due to having a legitimate medical use, even though that use is limited.

How is Cocaine Commonly Used?

This drug is most commonly snorted by illicit users, as this brings on the quickest and most intense high. The freebase form of it is smoked. It can also be inhaled or injected, those these routes of administration are less common.

What are the General Effects of Use?

This illegal narcotic is abused for the brief, but intense high that it produces. Users feel an extreme sense of euphoria and sociability.

Negative Short-Term Effects

Any administration of the drug can cause hallucinations, paranoia and anxiety. An accelerated heart rate and a feeling of overall itchiness are also common with use. Abuse also presents a risk of death from overdose due to hyperthermia or heart attack. During the “crash” period, users are often very restless and irritable and may experience tremors or convulsions if the dose was high enough.

Negative Long-Term Effects

Long-term sleep disturbances and development of depression are not uncommon with chronic abuse. It also puts the user at an elevated risk for a wide range of diseases such as kidney disease, vasculitis, lupus and Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

Users who snort the drug over long periods will damage the inner tissue of their nostrils, sometimes to the point of wearing away the cartilage that separates them. Those who smoke freebase cocaine often develop a variety of lung and throat conditions.

What are the Dangers of Cocaine Use?

Aside from health complications and overdose, the biggest danger is addiction. Physical dependency can develop extremely quickly due to the potent nature of this drug. While cocaine is very addictive in its own right, crack cocaine is one of the most addictive street drugs.

The form of the drug sold on the street is also very likely cut with other substances. The DEA reports commonly seizing forms of the drug that contain boric acid, laundry detergent powder, laxatives and levasimole, an anti-worm medication used for cattle. Cocaine can be as little as 20% pure.

Mixing it with Other Drugs

Cocaine users often simultaneously use alcohol. This enhances the high, but also puts increased strain on the cardiovascular system. Cannabis is also often used to take the edge off when coming down from the high.

Coke is sometimes mixed with heroin in a concoction known as a “speedball.” This is an extremely dangerous combination that has led to many deaths, including high-profile celebrities like Chris Farley and John Belushi.

Abuse and Addiction Rates

The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that there are about two million cocaine users each month, with about 400,000 of these being users of crack cocaine. The Drug Abuse Warning Network reports that this drug is responsible for about 480,000 emergency room visits each year, or roughly 1/4 of all visits related to abuse of drugs.

Someone who is high on cocaine will usually be extremely energetic and talkative, and may sniff or rub their nose frequently if they are administering it by snorting. It also suppresses appetite. Due to the short duration of the high (usually less than an hour), an addict may disappear frequently or go to the bathroom continually in order to get high again.

The Best Treatment for Cocaine Addiction 

Cocaine is one of the more potent drugs and is a difficult addiction to overcome. Users in rehab generally start out with a detox period of up to a week to get the drug out of their system and have medical supervision while going through withdrawal symptoms and strong cravings. A follow-up inpatient treatment period of 30 to 90 days is also usually recommended to ensure all aspects of recovery are properly put in place. Visit Cocaine Rehab for information about treating a cocaine dependency.

 

More Stories of Hope

My Slow Walk on The Road to Recovery from Addiction

When starting on the long road to recovery, I was unaware what that truly e...
Read More →

She Survived

By: Munchie Morgan 4 months ago

“I love the way she survived. Survival looked good on her. There were...
Read More →

WE MUST WEAVE HOPE

By: Munchie Morgan 4 months ago

“Not one day in anyone’s life is an uneventful day, no day without prof...
Read More →

Laying You to Rest

By: Ryan Pad 4 months ago

Laying You to Rest: Heroin Addiction Poem  I’m tired of speaking, so...
Read More →

Contact Us

** We respect your privacy. All information provided is confidential.

Most Viewed

PCP Drug Stories

PCP Drug Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

696 Views 0 comments

Ketamine Addiction Stories

Ketamine Addiction Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

553 Views 0 comments

LSD Addiction Stories

LSD Addiction Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

537 Views 0 comments

GHB Addiction Stories

GHB Addiction Stories

By: Danielle 1 year ago

525 Views 0 comments

Five Ways to Say No To Alcohol

Five Ways to Say No To Alcohol

By: Danielle 11 months ago

472 Views 0 comments

Don't Hesitate. Call Today For the best Treatment Options877.214.6008
%d bloggers like this:
Live Chat