Specialized crack cocaine rehab centers are designed to help those suffering from this powerful addiction to break away from the insidious drug. The U.S. Department of Justice released a report stating that crack cocaine is more psychologically addicting than cocaine powder (1).
In order to break the intense psychological addiction to the drug, crack rehab centers must tailor the right combination of psycho-social and behavioral therapies to suit each individual patient.
At this time, there are no prescription medications available to treat crack addiction, therefore crack rehab centers focus strongly on breaking the physical and psychological addiction. Crack cocaine rehab facilities also work to implement solid relapse prevention strategies so that the person can better avoid returning to a cycle of drug abuse.
Crack cocaine is a powerful stimulant drug created by combining powder cocaine with water and baking soda to form a solid crystal. The name derives from the cracking or popping sound the crystals make when they are heated for smoking.
Smoking the substance provides a faster delivery system to the brain, causing a more rapid onset of the drug’s effects. Studies published by the US National Library of Medicine show that smoking crack cocaine, instead of snorting the powder, has a greater risk of abuse, resulting in a significantly higher likelihood of users developing a dependency on the drug (2).
Detoxing from crack cocaine can induce severely unpleasant psychological withdrawal symptoms, which include profound depression and suicidal thoughts.
A crack cocaine rehab facility differs from a crack cocaine detox program by simultaneously treating the psychological aspect of the addiction.
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia say that crack cocaine is by far the most addictive drug they have had to deal with. The rate of relapse in the first year of recovery for crack cocaine addicts is more than 84%.
However, with the right rehab programs, it is possible to reduce the risk of relapse and stay clean for the long term. The key is to break both the physical and mental addiction to the drug.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse documented 13 principles of effective drug rehab treatments (3) that highlight the importance of tailoring individual treatments and therapies designed to suit each individual person’s characteristics. Treatment plans must also take into account the type of drug being abused, the length and severity of the addiction, and any underlying or co-existing mental health disorders that may need to be treated.
Professional crack rehab centers strive to help people break the cycle of addiction and maintain abstinence over the long term. Admittance into a rehab facility allows the those who are recovering to detox in a safe environment, away from people and places associated with drug abuse.
In a rehab facility, medical staff members can administer prescription medications to help treat any withdrawal symptoms or other medical issues that may arise. For example, some patients may be given prescription antidepressants to treat symptoms of depression.
Individual counseling and behavioral therapy can be initiated to address the psychological aspect of the addiction. Cognitive behavioral therapy works to correct dysfunctional or self-destructive behaviors and replace them with positive new habits for living life without drugs.
Group counseling and meetings should also be integrated into any successful treatment plan. Regular attendance at group meetings help reduce feelings of isolation, while also providing new social peer networks and support groups that help maintain sobriety.
Inpatient treatment facilities allow the patient to remain in a secure environment throughout the treatment process. Each individual has the benefit of constant medical monitoring and supervision, at the same time as having any access to crack cocaine removed. However, patients are required to remain at the facility for the duration of their treatment.
By comparison, outpatient treatment allows the person to return home each evening. Many people have family or work commitments and cannot afford the time away to be admitted into an inpatient treatment center.
The objective of any relapse prevention program is to help those recovering avoid returning to a cycle of drug abuse and remain abstinent over the long term. Relapse prevention strategies include ensuring that each person understands and knows how to recognize early warning signs of relapse. Strategies also include plans to prevent returning to a cycle of drug abuse by learning effective new coping skills and stress relief techniques that reduce the risk of relapse.
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