The National Institute on Drug Abuse reported an overwhelming 6.5 million Americans that abused prescription drugs over a month period in 2013, many of them require prescription drug rehab to stop the cycle of addiction. It is well known that the United States as a country consumes more prescription drugs than nearly any other country. Prescription drug rehab is a key component in the treatment of people who abuse and become addicted to prescription drugs.
Rehab refers to the facilities and programs that help a person suffering from things such as prescription drug abuse and addiction. Prescription drugs are medications that are meant to be prescribed by a clinician or doctor for serious conditions such as anxiety, pain from surgery and depression. A person who abuses prescription drugs uses it other than the way it was prescribed and usually requires prescription drug abuse treatment in order to break the addiction that usually follows abuse.
People take the drugs such as Xanax, Valium and Vicodin for the “high” that increased amounts gives. With repeated use, an addiction forms as the body becomes physically reliant on the drug and it is often accompanied by psychological addictions where the person relies on the drug for their emotional balance.
It is important to understand what a physical and mental addiction involves and how both can be treated in a rehab program.
∙ Physical dependence – Chronic drug abuse, such as prescription drugs, can result in a physical dependency as a person’s tolerance develops. A tolerance is when more of the drug is needed to achieve the same result due to changes that occur in the body; the body’s chemistry adjusts to the presence of the drug on a regular basis. This leads to withdrawal symptoms and other health complications as there is usually damage being caused to the organs. In a prescription drug treatment facility, the withdrawal symptoms and possible health concerns can be dealt with in a safe way through the use of medication and around-the-clock care.
∙ Mental addiction – A mental addiction often forms as a result of a person self-medicating to deal with long-term issues and stress that they experience in their daily life. When there is a lack of coping skills, people often turn to a substance in order to feel euphoric. A mental addiction can be as a severe as a physical addiction due to the extent that people are willing to go to in order to continue their habit, regardless of the known consequences. In a treatment program or rehab, behavioral therapy is given to patients to help them to develop new ways to cope with situations that would usually cause them to self-medicate.
Inpatient treatment programs are usually reserved for more severe cases of prescription drug abuse due to the higher success rate that around-the-clock care can provide. During a person’s stay in an inpatient facility, they will usually not be allowed to leave the premises until the clinicians allow them to leave, based on the progress of their recovery. Additionally, a detox period is common for prescription drug addiction due to the withdrawal symptoms experienced after stopping drug use. At the facility, doctors and clinicians are able to monitor their health and ensure a healthy recovery.
An outpatient treatment is for people who are unable to enter into a full-time program. While they would have a better chance at recovery through an inpatient program, sometimes people are not able to leave their job or other responsibilities. A person is able to receive some detox treatment as well as attend group meetings and individual counseling sessions where they can learn to deal with their addiction.
Relapse prevention is an important factor of every recovery program. It teaches a recovering addict to spot the situations where the risk of prescription drug abuse is high and offers them alternative coping skills and support systems to rely on to stay sober. Addiction recovery treatment is a long-term process.
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